Getting Around Internet Blockage


As the governments of more countries use technology to block their citizens’ access to certain Web sites on the Internet, you might encounter difficulty visiting the Web sites.
However, there are many ways to bypass the Internet blockage.

Internet Safety
Any use of the internet could potentially be used to physically locate you. It is important not to reveal information on the internet. If you are doing anything controversial online – such as discussing protests or blogging – you must be sure to conceal your IP.

The Do List
+Keep in mind that any interaction you have online may be seen by others
+Think about actions before you make them – do not say anything that you may regret, as it could be recorded
+Create unique and secure usernames and passwords – Use letters, numbers, and special characters
+Use a VPN if at all possible
+Delete your history, cookies, and cache after each internet session
+Use Private Mode browsing whenever possible
+Try using clients like Firefox instead of Internet Explorer
+Use temporary or throw away e-mail accounts to create facebook accounts, etc.
+Use Firefox plugins for added security.

The Do Not List
+Do not use any or all of your actual name in account and usernames
+Do not mention anything that could be personally identifying
+Do not mention time zones
+Do not mention physical characteristics or abilities
+Do not mention relationships, family, or relatives
+Do not connect/disconnect from services such as Twitter and Facebook all at once – stagger your access so they can’t be connected


What’s a client’s side software

Client-side software enable users to browse the Internet freely. The experience is the same as while using the regular Internet Explorer browser but it automatically searches the highest speed proxy servers in the background or it uses a parallel network of servers maintained by a company that promotes freedom of information on the Internet.

Fire Phoenix is a relatively new comer to censorship busting. The system routes its network traffic through VPN tunnels and uses NAT to manage servers behind the 10.0.0.0 network.It effectively encrypts all your Internet traffic and anonymizes your IP address.
http://firephoenix.edoors.com/ In English: http://firephoenix.edoors.com/english.html
The current version of FirePhoenix is FP-MMX.
It is not available for public download. They are distributing FP-MMX through trusted social networks. info

Freegate is developed and maintained by Dynaweb. It is a front end to a network of proxies. In Chinese, the service is called dongtaiwang.
http://www.dongtaiwang.com

You can download the Freegate client software at:
http://www.dongtaiwang.com/loc/download.en.php
Freegate also available for download from download.com

Freegate Mobile Version is a DynaWeb, Java application that enables cell phones and portable devices in China to access the Freegate Web portal. From there, open access to the Internet is available.

This application works with more than 20 different models of cell phones in China, but not Apple’s iPhone.

Freegate Java Mobile Edition 2.205(2010/9/24) can be found here.

UltraSurf – called Wujie in Chinese, meaning borderless – requires no installation or change in system setting; it is an executable file on Windows platform.
It enables users inside countries with heavy Internet censorship to visit any public web sites in the world safely and freely and works together with the GIFT (a dynamic node-proxy anti-jamming system)
http://www.wujieliulan.com
Download UltraSurf software (in Chinese) at : http://www.wujieliulan.com/download.htm
Download NEW UltraSurf software (n English) at: http://ultrasurf.us/downloads/ultravpn/v100.zip
Download UltraSurf Client Software (in English) at: http://ultrasurf.us/download/u.zip

Freenet is free software which lets you anonymously share files, browse and publish “freesites” (web sites accessible only through Freenet) and chat on forums, without fear of censorship. Freenet is decentralised to make it less vulnerable to attack, and if used in “darknet” mode, where users only connect to their friends, is very difficult to detect.
http://freenetproject.org/

Garden Networks, launched in 2001, was the first intelligent proxy tool to help Internet users in China gain access to blocked sites. It uses a number of measures, including encryption, to defeat the blocking and filtering mechanisms of Internet censors.
Garden client software GTunnel is a Windows application that works as a local HTTP or SOCKS proxy server. After setting your proxy to GTunnel in the Web browser or other Internet applications, the traffic is encrypted and goes through the GTunnel server farm before it reaches its original destination.
http://gardennetworks.com

Gpass is also new and uses a system similar to Fire Phoenix. It is operated and maintained by the World’s Gate, Inc.
http://gpass1.com
It can be downloaded from here:
http://gpass1.com/gpass/download-en

Put a proxy on your flash drive

There is a way to have a portable proxy, one you can use on any computer safely.

By using UltraSurf, you can put proxy software on your flashdrive for use on any computer, either at home or at an Internet cafe.

1. Insert your flash drive into a USB port on your computer.

2. Go to this Web site and download this .exe file to the drive:
http://www.wujieliulan.com/download/u1103.exe

With this .exe (executable) file on your flash drive you don’t need to install it on a computer. Start the program by inserting your flash drive into any computer’s USB port, and double-click on the file to open UltraSurf.

3. Or download the zipped file here:

http://www.wujieliulan.com/download/u1103.zip

After you have downloaded the zipped file (*.zip), extract the .exe Ultrareach file with WinZip. Start the program by double-clicking the extracted file on your flash drive.

4. Click on the .exe file

UltraSurf will open an interface and an Internet Explorer browser window. There will be a lock on the bottom right corner of the screen which means UltraSurf is running and your IE browsing is under protection.

You can minimize the interface, but you cannot close it. If it is closed, UltraSurf will quit. You can start surfing the Web in the current IE window, or open a new IE window to do browsing.

5. Click on the “Exit” button to quit UltraSurf.

For help, refer to the Ultrareach user guide: http://www.wujieliulan.com/userguide.htm

Web Access – Open Proxies

What is an open proxy?

An open proxy is a proxy server which will accept client connections from any IP address and make connections to any Internet resource. It is not hard to find open proxy servers on the Web.

How do I find open proxies?

Lists of open proxy servers can be found in seconds with a simple online search. These lists are frequently updated, and some even include bandwidth statistics info and where the server is hosted.

Below are instructions on how to configure your Internet browser to access an open proxy. You can also see an illustrated version of these instructions on our message boards .

A word of caution: Many open proxy servers are short-lived and you may have to repeat this process as necessary, and open proxies may not work well if your ISP has installed content filters.

Setting up your proxy

Setting up proxies in Windows Internet Explorer is fairly easy. Assume you find an open proxy via an online search:

Example of Proxy IP: 203.162.168.163 Proxy port: 80

You can follow the 4 steps below to set up your IE browser to use an open proxy server:

Step 1

Load Internet Explorer

Go to Tools

Click Internet Options…

Step 2

Click the tab: Connections

Home computers connected using:

Dial-up connection – click on your connection name under Dial-up and Virtual Private Network settings Router – Click the button: LAN Settings…

Computers connected to a LAN:

Click the button: LAN Settings…

Step 3

Mark the option: Use a proxy server for this connection

Mark the option: Bypass proxy server for local addresses

Click the button: Advanced

Step 4

Type under HTTP: 203.162.168.163

Type under Port: 80

Mark the option: Use the same proxy server for all protocols

Type under: Do not use proxy server..: local

Click OK in all windows.

Web Access – CGI Proxy

What is a CGI Proxy?

A CGI proxy is a free script that can be found on many Web pages that acts as an HTTP or FTP proxy. What this means is that through a CGI proxy, you can access any Web site using the server of a different Web site.

For example, some organizations may block the URL with their firewall, but by using CGI proxy you can get around this. A CGI proxy allows the Web user to be anonymous and access Web sites that may be restricted.

How it works

A proxy server is a computer network service which allows users to make indirect connections to other network services. A user connects to the proxy server, and then requests a connection, file, or other resource available on a different server.

Proxy servers can help in when owners of the Internet resources impose restrictions on users from certain countries or geographical regions.

As well as providing a way to access blocked Web pages, a CGI proxy can also provide some degree of anonymity. Although it is not foolproof, it can prevent the Web site you are viewing from knowing more about you.

How to Find CGI Proxies on the Web

As the filename of the script is usually nph-proxy.pl or nph-proxy.cgi, use a search engine (Yahoo, Google, etc.) to look for sites with pages that contain these files. Use these phrases as a serch term: Search for nph-proxy , Search for nph-proxy.pl, Search for nph-proxy.cgi

You can also search using the phrase start using CGIProxy to find Web sites hosting CGI proxies. In the results, you will find a list of pages that offer the use of CGI Proxy, or that link to another page offering access to CGI Proxy.

If you just need a fast way to get around blocking software, try going to the following sites, enter the URL of the restricted site you want to visit, and the proxy will access the site for you. However, since these are public sites, they might be blacklisted by your ISP.

Here are just a few:
http://www.stupidcensorship.com/
http://proxify.com/ (This is free but there is also a version available for a fee.)
http://en.cship.org/wiki/Main_Page


Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks

A peer-to-peer computer network relies primarily on the power and bandwidth of each of the participants in the network. It is a connection between equals and it is typically used to share audio or video files, or anything in digital format.

It differs from the “client-side” model where communication happens via a server.
The concept of peer-to-peer has evolved and can also mean file-sharing between people.

Tor is an Internet communication system that allows people to communicate anonymously. It can be used as an outproxy to the regular Internet, or as an access to hidden services inside its own network.

However, users must understand that there are limitations to the anonymity. TOR hides the user’s connection but not the data. Data traveling between the user (or client) and the TOR network is encrypted, but the data between the TOR network and Web sites he visits is NOT encrypted.
http://www.torproject.org/

Tor on Android
Tor is available for Android by installing the package named Orbot.

XeroBank Browser, (xB Browser), previously called Torpark, is a portable browser originally based on Firefox with Tor access built into it. xB Browser is designed for use on portable media such as a USB flash drive but it can also be used on any hard disk drive. As such, a secure and encrypted connection to any of the Tor routers can be created from any computer with an Internet connection. The browser clears all data that was created on the portable drive upon exit or on demand.

xB Browser works by routing Internet traffic through several servers, obscuring the originating address. For a more complete explanation of the functioning of the system, see Tor.

Psiphon, developed by The Citizen Lab at the Munk Centre for International Studies at the University of Toronto, is a censorship circumvention program. It was released on Dec. 1, 2006.

The software works by having people who live in uncensored countries, like Canada or the U.S., install a psiphon server on their home computer, and then give the connection information to a few friends or family members that live inside censored countries. Because each psiphon node runs separately on private computers, and the connections among psiphon users and servers are encrypted, it is extremely difficult for authorities to block.
http://psiphon.ca

I2P is an anonymizing network that supports many secure applications. We recommend using pchat to connect to anonops.ru and joining channels such as #anonops.

I2P Websites
——————–
* http://geti2p.net
* http://i2p2.de

I2P Tutorial for Windows Video
——————————————–
* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5J3nh1DoRMw

I2P Tutorial for Linux Video
——————————————–
* https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QeRN2G9VW5E

Active I2P sites
————————-
* http://inr.i2p

I2P Port Usage
————————-
* http://www.i2p2.de/faq#ports
* See also your router’s configuration.

I2P Installation and Running on Linux
—————————————————-
* Download and extract the installation files, no need for separate install (such as apt-get install).
* Run the router from /i2p folder with sudo sh i2prouter start or i2prouter start.
In seconds, I2P should open a Konqueror-browser page of I2P-main console.
* Configure your bandwith settings. You might also consider opening some ports on your firewall for optimising the use of your bandwith.

Portable I2P (Windows Only)
—————————————–
* http://portable-i2p.blogspot.com
-Contains I2P, several plugins, preconfigured browser, preconfigured IRC client and messenger.
-Before you can use anything on I2P, you have to start the I2P router from the portableapps tray icon-menu with the button ”I2P Launcher”.

Anonymous surfing with I2P
—————————————-
* Go to your browser options or preferences (depending on your browser) -> ”network/connection settings”
* Select ”manual proxy configuration”
* In ”http” insert 127.0.0.1 , for ”port” insert 4444
* In ”https” insert 127.0.0.1 , for ”port” insert 4445

Make sure that you have No Proxy set for ”localhost, 127.0.0.1” so you’ll be able to reach your I2P configuration page. To test your anonymity, go eg. to: cmyip.com.

VPN
Virtual Private Networks, or VPN, is a method of securing information communicated over the internet. When choosing a VPN service, try to pick a service from a country that will not easily hand over your private information. For example, services from Iceland or Sweden would be much safer than a service from the USA. Also try to find a service that does not keep user logs or payment information [if using a paid service].

Guides to installing the OpenVPN client:
———————————————————–
* Windows: http://www.vpntunnel.se/howto/installationguideVPNtunnelclient.pdf
* Linux (Debian flavoured): http://www.vpntunnel.se/howto/linux.pdf
* Mac: http://www.vpntunnel.se/howto/mac.txt

Free VPN Services [Not Recommended]:
————————————————————
* http://cyberghostvpn.com
* http://hotspotshield.com
* http://proxpn.com
* https://anonymityonline.org

Commercial VPN Services [Recommended]:
————————————————————-
* http://www.swissvpn.net
* http://perfect-privacy.com
* https://www.ipredator.se
* http://www.anonine.se
* https://www.vpntunnel.se

Free VPN Downloads [Not Recommended]:
————————————————————-
*Windows: HotspotShield – http://hotspotshield.com
UltraVPN – https://www.ultravpn.fr/download/ultravpn-install.exe
*Mac: Ultra VPN – https://www.ultravpn.fr/download/ultravpn.dmg
*Linux: UltraVPN – https://www.ultravpn.fr/forum/index.php?topic=204.0

Useful Plugins / Extensions for Firefox

BetterPrivacy – Removes persistent cookies from flash stuff.
NoScript – blocks Javascript.
Ghostery – Detects tracking pixels.
GoogleSharing – GoogleProxy for locations where Google is censored.
User Agent Switcher – Sends bogus browser identity to servers.
Optimize Google – Removes information Google uses to track searches
Outernet Explorer (MacOS) – Creates numerous searches to help prevent packet sniffing.
https-everywhere – Automatically loads https on a site if available.
Scroogle SSL search (Google Anonymously): https://ssl.scroogle.org.
Hide My Ass Proxy Extension – Anonymous SSL encrypted proxy to bypass internet filters or blocks (but they register your IP).


DNS help

* Telecomix DNS: http://dns.telecomix.org
* Google Public DNS: https://code.google.com/intl/en-EN/speed/public-dns/docs/using.html

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